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All about Hair

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Hair is made up of 98-99% protein keratin and 1-2% water. It consists of three layers;
the Medulla (defining core), the Cortex (strengthening inner section) and the Cuticle
(overlapping outer layer). The factors that determines the condition of your hair resides
with the care given to the Cortex and the Cuticle. Quite often we see that hair care products
addresses the condition of the Cuticle and under addresses the health of the Cortex.

Your hair grows continuously, regardless that it may appear otherwise. Several factors can and will effect the rate of hair growth. These can be health related issues, improper diet leading to deficiencies, and environmental effects

Since one element, of first impression is always directed to ones hair, we would like to offer you, some additional information, in order to help you to have a clearer understanding about your crowning beauty. The following attributes to the overall nature of hair.


Some professional may refer to this, as the texture of the hair; that being fine, medium and coarse (having the largest circumference). At the risk of sounding contradictory, we have investigated further and we would like to explain in more details, as a way of answering some unasked questions.

After extensive research, this will probably come as a surprise to you. The shape of the hair is due to the diameter of the hair shaft (across-section of a hair strand), which tends to vary between ethnic groups. For example, those from Asiatic heritage reports having the thickest hair; usually measuring upwards of 82-120 m, (Micrometre, which equals one thousandth of a millimetre) in diameter. Those from European legacy, show a diameter measurement, ranging from 57-90 m and standing at approximately 35-65 m are those of African homage. In addition to this, the hair shape of the people of African decent (which we will refer to as Afro-Ethnic), grows in an irregular, oval tubular shape; verses the round tubular shape of people of Asiatic and European decent. Therefore, the synopsis is that hair with the lower m measurement, will be a more fragile hair strand, and additional care and caution must be taken when working with and styling.


Porosity is the ability of the hair to absorb moisture. This depends on the length of, and the way in which the keratin tiles overlap on the hair strand.

The outer core of hair strands are covered by overlapping keratin, which when magnified, would resemble scales and or tiles. The smoother and longer the keratin tiles the shiner and healthier the hair will appear. As the keratin tiles are longer on that of Asiatic hair, this affords a shiny, straighter hair strand. We would like to add, that with its lower porosity, this hair type tends to be more resistant to accept natural hair colouring. The overlapping keratin varies in the case of European hair; which lends to various hair textures and hair types. The shorter keratin tiles of Afro-Ethnic hair and the nature in which the hair grows, contributes to its high porosity. This inadvertently, causes greater loss of moisture. It is another reason why ones hair can at times becomes dry and seemingly brittle; which eventually leads to breakage, if it is not properly cared for and maintained.


The physiology of ones hair is primarily determined by DNA. The reason why we say primarily is, due to the advancements in todays technology; which we can use to permanently alter the hairs natural state. We can now choose, to change the pattern of our hair, which has grown out and through the epidermis. If your hair grows straight you can make it curly, by using a permanent curl system. Likewise, if your hair grows in a curly (S shape pattern), coily or kinky (Z shape pattern), you may opt to have it Thermally Conditioned (only suggested for type 3b hair and below), Relaxed, Texlaxed, Texturized, Blow-dried Straight, or Flat-ironed; to acquire a different look.

Often, because of the physiology of our hair, we are at times unsatisfied. This is found to be a common thread, regardless of heritage or background. Asiatic hair tends to grow in a very straight pattern, and some might think too straight. This is due to the fact that the hair grows almost perpendicular to the scalp, from an almost round hair follicle. European hair varies from straight to curly; depending on the varying round to kidney shape hair follicle; and the angle at which the hair grows. Similarly, Afro-Ethnic hair can vary from straight to curly, to wavy and/or zigzag pattern. This as well depends on the shape of the hair follicle which can be round, kidney or oval shaped. Additionally, at times the hair tends to grow at a sharper angle to the scalp, which leads to a tighter curl pattern. This then is often referred to as kinky. Due to the growth pattern this offers numerous styling opportunities.

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